The Abidjan Convention. The Abidjan Convention exists to protect, manage, and develop the marine and coastal environment. The coastal waters of the Abidjan Convention area contain valuable ecosystems that support rich fisheries. However, there have been serious conflicts resulting in a colossal of human suffering and poverty. In the last three decades or so, population growth, rapid urban development, improper use of resources and widespread pollution has harmed coastal ecosystems. Today, coastal destruction, sea level rises, and floods are key problems and likely to be aggravated by climate change. Destruction of critical habitats is widespread in the convention area, and coastal communities are both the culprits and victims of this destruction. In recent years, the Abidjan convention has acknowledged the need to address the improper use of ecosystem resources by prioritizing the conservation and wise use of wetlands. One of the high priority areas of the Abidjan convention is mangrove conservation. Why mangrove? A multitude of benefits derives from the mangrove tree. Table 1, below illustrates the many benefits derived from the mangrove tree, bark, leaves, and roots.
Can you explain the benefits of other plants and species within wetlands in your country?