Nile Wetlands and Ecosystems

UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030)

We are committed to preventing, halting and reversing the degradation of River Nile Ecosystems and Wetlands.

Major news: UN Decade to officially launch with World Environment Day 2021 (5 June)
Sango Bay - Minziro Transboundary Wetland Management

The overall objective of the Sango Bay - Minziro Transboundary Wetland Management Plan is ‘to restore the wetland and ensure retention of ecosystem services for the benefit of people.

 To promote conservation of the Sango Bay - Minziro wetland ecosystem and its catchment;

 To promote and support sustainable sources of livelihoods for the communities’ dependent on the Sango Bay - Minziro transboundary wetland; and

 To support the establishment and strengthening of governance structures for the management of the Sango Bay - Minziro transboundary wetland.

Get involved...
(1) Submit an Observation - using citizen science gather vital evidence about the state of the ecosystem of soil, water, trees and wildlife - click here to make an observation
Soumettre une observation - en utilisant la science citoyenne, recueillir des preuves vitales sur l'état de l'écosystème du sol, de l'eau, des arbres et de la faune - cliquez ici pour faire une observation
Tuma Uchunguzi - kwa kutumia sayansi ya raia kukusanya ushahidi muhimu juu ya hali ya mazingira ya udongo, maji, miti na wanyama pori - bonyeza hapa kufanya uchunguzi
(2) Visit  our citizen science hub and learn more about conservation activities that you can organise and participate in - click here to visit our hub
Visitez notre hub de science citoyenne et apprenez-en plus sur les activités de conservation que vous pouvez organiser et auxquelles vous pouvez participer - cliquez ici pour visiter notre hub
Tembelea kitovu chetu cha sayansi ya raia na ujifunze zaidi juu ya shughuli za uhifadhi ambazo unaweza kuandaa na kushiriki - bonyeza hapa kutembelea kitovu chetu
(3) Get your local community together and participate in a river, lake or wetland clean-up - click here to visit our hub
Rassemblez votre communauté locale et participez au nettoyage d'une rivière, d'un lac ou d'une zone humide - cliquez ici pour visiter notre hub
Unganisha jamii yako ya karibu na ushiriki katika kusafisha mto, ziwa au ardhioevu - bonyeza hapa kutembelea kitovu chetu

The Sudd Wetland


The Sudd wetland, is the largest tropical wetland in the world.

Three protected areas fall within the Sudd wetland of which Zeraf Game Reserve is the largest. The protected areas cover 1,080,000 ha and are:
(i) Zeraf Game Reserve: 970,000 ha , established in 1939
(ii) Shambe National Park: 62,000 ha, established in 1985
(iii) Fanyikang Game Reserve 48,000 ha, established in 1939
The present status of the protected areas in the wetland is not known but judging from the trend of the heavily protected Dinder National Park which has been experiencing a downward trend in numbers and diversity of wildlife, it is logical to say that all the protected areas within the wetland are likewise declining.

The Sudd wetland has an immense potential as a site for education in the disciplines of ecology, hydrology, economics, sociology, medicine, wildlife, agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry. We are currently developing educational resources.

Sango Bay Bird Library - View More

Sudd Wetlands - Awaiting report

Mara Wetland - View More

Edward and Albert Wetland - View More

Sio Malaba River Delta - (Awaiting report)

Semliki Delta - (Awaiting report)

Sio Siteko - View More

Sango Bay Minziro wetland ecosystem faces numerous challenges due to among others destruction of the wetland, overexploitation of resources, unsustainable resource management practices and weak institutional and enforcement capacity. Coupled with the rapid population growth and developmental plans, there is a need to accommodate the diverse, complex and competing interests of all stakeholders.