Solution: Afforestation - the planting of trees, sowing seeds to create a forest.
ESG Factor: Afforestation restores the ecological balance of the ecosystem which will be a good social and environmental return for the community of Sio Siteko wetland. Afforestation, can maintain biological diversity, acting as catchments for soil and water, an act of conservation. Afforestation can reduce excess carbon dioxide, removing and storing carbon, whilst releasing oxygen back into the air, absorbing odors and pollutant gases, trapping them in their leaves and bark. Trees save water by slowing down water evaporation, as well as preventing soil erosion. Trees also provide food in the form of fruits and nuts for human consumption as well as food and habitat for wildlife. Trees create economic opportunities, as well as promoting unity, bringing people together to plant, sow and harvest. Recent studies have shown (K. Gilstad-Hayden, LR Wallace, A. Caroll-Scott (2015), greater tree canopy cover is associated with lower rates of violence and rates of deviant behaviour.
Return on investment: There are a different variety of trees you can invest in. Non-fruit bearing trees are a good long-term investment. The start-up capital for your investment is as little a $1 dollar a tree. If you invest
can be as little as since our clients already have the land rights covered. Trees increase in value and worth as they grow.
ESG Factor: Mangroves are recognized as carbon-rich forests which are able to sequester carbon at a faster rate than terrestrial forests. They play an important role within the carbon cycle, extracting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and storing them in flooded soils for millennia. The annual economic value of coastal wetlands (mainly based on mangrove ecosystems) is estimated to be between US$2,000 and US$200,000 per hectare.
Location: Tudor Creek
The Tudor creek hosts mangrove forests and fishery resources. It also also attracts recreational activities such as yachting and boating. The creek separates Mombasa Island from mainland in the north and is encroached by human settlement, including the Mombasa Polytechnic University. A few hotels and plenty of commercial residential buildings reside directly to the creek, leaving no protection zone. Thus, pollution from within and around the Island is common and has led to severe degradation of the mangrove forests among other natural resources.
The inner north eastern creek has been identified by Kenya Marine Research Institute as suitable for mariculture development.
The quality of habitat in the coastal area of Lake Tanganyika mainly threatened by actions related to the intense deforestation and environmental mismanagement,
the consequences of which affect the loss of terrestrial vegetation and sedimentation, as well as an increase in pollution on Lake Tanganyika. Indeed, taking into account the close links between the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems of the Lake Tanganyika basin, land degradation also affects the lake itself, yet the conservation of aquatic biodiversity cannot be achieved without the protection of terrestrial habitats. Specifically, the Lake Tanganyika Basin receives water from tributary
rivers which cause a lot of sediment on this lake. North of Lake Tanganyika is the Ruzizi river reverse which extends into part of the Ruzizi plain (DRC) and another part of Burundi which includes a delta with emerging macrophyte habitats. The Ruzizi River is home to several non-cichlid fish species, some of which are area,
as well as crocodiles and hippos. As a wetland, the Ruzizi delta also provides a vital habitat for a wide variety of migratory and non-migratory birds, it is therefore recognized as a site of conservation and management of Lake biodiversity. Although it is the most diverse in the terms of aquatic species in the region, this lake has some of the richest sites for aquatic species, nature reserves, and waterparks that require protection in the context of biodiversity. For the interest of the project, the involvement
of the local communities bordering the Lake is justified through capacity training and awareness and environmental rehabilitation. The project will present various successful case studies of women's involvement in maintaining the eco-system.
Protection, Restoration and Management of Endangered Forest Ecosystems in the Lake