Solution:Afforestation - the planting of trees, sowing seeds to create a forest.
ESG Factor:Afforestation restores the ecological balance of the ecosystem which will be a good social and environmental return for the community of Sio Siteko wetland. Afforestation, can maintain biological diversity, acting as catchments for soil and water, an act of conservation. Afforestation can reduce excess carbon dioxide, removing and storing carbon, whilst releasing oxygen back into the air, absorbing odors and pollutant gases, trapping them in their leaves and bark. Trees save water by slowing down water evaporation, as well as preventing soil erosion. Trees also provide food in the form of fruits and nuts for human consumption as well as food and habitat for wildlife. Trees create economic opportunities, as well as promoting unity, bringing people together to plant, sow and harvest. Recent studies have shown (K. Gilstad-Hayden, LR Wallace, A. Caroll-Scott (2015), greater tree canopy cover is associated with lower rates of violence and rates of deviant behaviour.
Return on investment: There are a different variety of trees you can invest in. Non-fruit bearing trees are a good long-term investment. The start-up capital for your investment is as little a $1 dollar a tree. If you invest
can be as little as since our clients already have the land rights covered. Trees increase in value and worth as they grow.
SIO SITEKO WETLAND
$1 dollar a tree
Mbaarak Abdalla, BYG Project Director
Problem: Deforestation of Mangroves.
Solution: Mangrove conservation
ESG Factor: Mangroves are recognized as carbon-rich forests which are able to sequester carbon at a faster rate than terrestrial forests. They play an important role within the carbon cycle, extracting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and storing them in flooded soils for millennia. The annual economic value of coastal wetlands (mainly based on mangrove ecosystems) is estimated to be between US$2,000 and US$200,000 per hectare.
Location: Tudor Creek
The Tudor creek hosts mangrove forests and fishery resources. It also also attracts recreational activities such as yachting and boating. The creek separates Mombasa Island from mainland in the north and is encroached by human settlement, including the Mombasa Polytechnic University. A few hotels and plenty of commercial residential buildings reside directly to the creek, leaving no protection zone. Thus, pollution from within and around the Island is common and has led to severe degradation of the mangrove forests among other natural resources.
The inner north eastern creek has been identified by Kenya Marine Research Institute as suitable for mariculture development.